Mizo I Ni Em?

16/08/2010 17:30

- Lalchhantluanga (Chhantea)

Mizo thuziakmi lar tak L. Keivom chuan heti hian a ti, "Vawi khat chu Rangoon biak in pakhata ka inkhawm tumin ofisar bang pakhat hian an kohhran member vaiho hnenah 'Amah hi L. Keivom, Indian Embasy-a a lian ber dawttu, kan Lusei pui a ni' tiin mi introduced a. Kei pek chuan, dawt sawi duh hek lo i, hawihhawm lo zet mai hian 'kei chu Mizo ka ni a, ani hi chu Lusei a ni' ka lo ti var a, a tu hi nge hrilh hai ta zawk pawh ka hre hre lo," tiin. Ani, L. Keivom ang hian Zofate hi Mizo-naah hian chiang ta theuh ila chuan, insuihkhawm lehna thuthlung buaipuia phet sek hi a ngai hauh lo tur.

British-hoin Zofate chenna ram an rawn awp hlim khan he rama lal tam ber chu Lusei lal an ni a, chuvangin Zofate chenna ram pawh Lushai Hills an rawn ti ngawt mai a ni. Zofate chungah anmahni British-ho tan rorel a awlsam nan 'Divide and Rule' policy bawk an chelek a. Zofate chenna ram chu hmun hrang hrangah thendarhin mi hrang angin an awp a. Chumi Divide and Rule nghawng zel chu Zofate hian tuarin tun hnu-a Mizoram a lo pian hnu pawhin Zofate chenna ram zau zawk Myanmar rama Chin Hills te, Manipur rama Zofate chenna ram te, Tripura rama Jampui tlangdung leh a chhehvel te, Assam rama Cachar ram te, Bangladesh rama Chittagong Hills chhehvel te leh hmun dang dangte chu Mizoram ni ve ta lovin ram dang a lo ni ta a, thlahtu hmun khat Zofate ni mah ila ram khata cheng ta lo pui chu inunau reng a lo har ta hle a. Mizoram Zofate chuan Mizo nihna chu pumbilhin Zofa ram danga awmte chu Mizo ni famkim ve chiah lo 'Mizo hnahthlak' chauh nia hriatna a piang a. Chumi kal zelah chuan Zofa Mizorama cheng ve lo chu Mizo lova inhriatna a lo piang ve zat a. Hnam khat Zofate chu hnam hrang treat-in kan in-treat ta hmiah hmiah mai a ni.

Tichuan, Zofate chu kan lo inmihran ta tial tial a, mi thenkhat phei chuan tihsual inang rengah pawh kan hnampui Paite etc te aiin vaiho kan lainat zawk ta hial a, "Vai te chu kan rammi an ni a, Paite etc te chu foreigner alawm an nih," tih tawngkam te a lo piang ta hial a, thil zahthlak tak a ni ngei mai. Eng vangin nge heti taka Zofate hi kan inmihran tak le? Tu tihdik loh nge? Tu thiam loh nge" Tu nge mawhpuh tur ni ta le?

A hmasa berah chuan British-ho kha kan mawh lo thei lo ang. Anniho khan nasa taka min thendarhin min tihrang a, min kalsan dawnin min dahkhawm leh si lo a, hei hi Zofate kan inmihranna bulpui ber chu a ni phawt mai. A pahnihnaah chuan Mizoram a lo piang a, sawi tawh angin ram khata cheng chu kan lo inpawh a, Lusei tawng chu tawng tualleng lo niin Lusei ni lo pawh Mizorama cheng chuan Lusei tawng chu mahni pianpui tawngah kan lo nei ta deuh vek a, Mizo nihna chu Lusei tawng chhungah kan khung a, chumi tawng hmangve lote chu Mizo ni ve lovah kan ngai a, Mizorama cheng Lusei tawng pianpuitute chuan Mizo nihna chu kan pumbilh ta a. Kan hnampui Hmar/Paite/Kuki etc te chu hmu tleuin hnam hrangah kan ngai ta a, kan tidik lo a ni. Chungho chuan Zohnahthlak tupawhin Lusei tawng thiam taka a hman chhung chuan Mizo-ah an pawm thlap a. Kha pa/nu khan Zo hnahthlak hnam dang tawng a hman an hriat veleh, "Aw, Mizo emaw ka ti a, Hmar/Paite/Pawi/Kuki lo zuk ni reng a," tih hi a ni fo. "Kei ngei pawhin chutiang thil chu ka tawng hnem tawh. Mahse, kei chu 'nationalist' ka ni a. Mizo nihna awmzia ka hriat chian em avangin chutiang thu ningnel leh thuanawp chuan ka ngen a chhun ve lo a, ka lei a kuai pha hek lo," tiin L. Keivom chuan a sawi a ni.

Amaherawhchu, L Keivom sawi ang hian Mizorama Mizo-Lusei tawng pianpuitute hi Mizo nihna hauh tlattu leh Zopfate inpumkhatna tur daltu chu an ni vek bik lo, he thu hi thil chiang a ni. Zo hnahthlak, a bikin Mizoram cheng lote hi, “Mizo i ni em?” tin zawt ta ila, min chhanna chu, "Ni lo, Hmar/Paite/Kuki/Darlong/VAi[phei/Kawm/Gangte etc ka ni," tih a ni thin. "Mizo hnahthlak chu ka ni a, Mizo chu ka ni lo," te kan han ti ve sasawi naran a, kan hre chiang lo a ni. Lusei hi Mizo bik niin a dang hi Mizo hnahthlak emaw te kan ti a. Lusei pawh Zohnahthlak zinga hnam pakhat ve mai a ni si a. Zo hnahthlak hnam hrang hrang te hming tlanglawn hi "Mizo" chu a ni tih hi kan hre lo thin. A ni, Hmar/Paihte/Kuki/Vaiphei etc te zingah "Mizo ka ni" tih inhria chu tlem te, tlemte tak tak chauh an awm. Miin Zo hnahthlak Mizo pawh ni mah sela, "Mizo ka ni lo," a tih tlat chuan Mizo lova inhria na na na chu Mizo ni lova chhiar mai an awl thin. Hemiah hian Lusei tawng pianpuitu Mizoram Mizo te leh Lusei tawng hmang ve lo Zo hnahthlak hnam dangte’n thiam lohna kan nei ve ve a. Insuihkhawm lehna kawng kan zawh dawn chuan hnam bing intih veina leh intih fekfawnna te, inlakhranna leh chapona te dahboin insuihkhawm lehna kawng kan zawh a ngai a ni. Chuti a nih loh a, hnam bing intihhranna leh kan chapona te kan dahbo loh chuan a tawpa kan chan tur chu tah leh ha thial chauh a ni dawn a ni.

Insuihkhawm lehna thu-ah chuan British-India sorkara memorandum an thehluhah chuan Mizote Lushai tia an ko ngawt chu a dik lohzia leh Lusei chu Zo hnahthlak hnam khat chauh a nihzia an sawi a, he thil hian Mizo hnam zinga inthenna a thlen thute pawh an sawi a ni.

An memorandum thehluhah chuan heti hian an ti a: "Only the word 'Mizo' stands for the whole group of them all. Lusei, Hmar, Ralte, Paite, Zo, Darlong, Kawm, Pawi, Thado, Chiru, Aimol, Khawl, Anal, Puram, Tikhup, Vaiphei, Lakher, Langrawng, Chawrai, Bawng, Baite, Mualthuam, Kaihpeng, Pangkhua, Tlanglau, Bawmzo, Hrangkhawl, Miria, Dawn, Kumi, Khiangte, Tlau, Pautu, Pawite, Vangchhia, Zawnyte, Fanai, Khawlhring, Chawngthu, Vanchiau, Chawhte, NGente, Rethlei, Hnamte etc all closely related to one another culturally, socially, economically and physically thus forming a distinct ethnical units."

Hemi atang hian tute nge Mizonaa chiang tur, insuihkhawm leh tur Zofate chu kan inhre thei awm e. Chutih laiin Col V Lunghnema chuan Meitei te, Mao te, Tangkhul te, Mishmi te, Siang te, Karen te, Konyak te, Tuikuk te leh Chakma te thlengin Zo hnahthlakah a chhiar vek hem mai. Mahse, Mizo UNion hruaituten British-India sorkar-a memorandum an thehluhah chuan, "Mizos have nothing in common with the plains nor with the Nagas or Manipuris etc. They are a distinct block,” an lo ti si a. Mizo Union hruaitute leh Col V Lunghnema hriat dan a inang lo pawh a ni mai thei e. Col V Lunghnema sawi angin Mizo hnahthlak pawh lo ni ta sela, a tumah mah kan inpawm thei tawh dawn lo a, tin, khingho khi chu Mizo hnahthlak an nih aiin an nih lohzia kan hre thei awm e. |awng hi hnam siamtu a ni lo tih kan hriat a ngai. Chuti a nih lohva Mizo hnam hi Lusei tawng chhunga kan khung tlat reng zawngin amah L Keivom sawi angin Lusei tawng pianpuitute hi insuihkhawm lehna daltu, hnam tidarhtu kan ni mai ang.

Insuihkhawm leh tur chuan eng nge kan tih dawn le? Insuihkhawm lehna thuthlung hi thil thar a ni lo. India-in sapho lak ata zalenna a hmuh dawn khan Zofate rilru nasa takina buai a, Zofate zingah insuihkhawm duhna a lo awm a, mahse, duh dan erawh a inang kher lo. Mizo Union hruaituten Zofate infinkhawma Greater Mizoram siam an buaipui laiin UMFO lam chuan Burma ram zawm a, ram zau zawk neih an lo tuipui ve thung a, a enga mah mah chu a hlawhtling chuang lo. Zofate chuan ram tereuh te kan indanpui ve chauh a, chuta chengten Mizo nihna chu pumbilh an tum leh zel a, a zahthlak hle a ni.

Sawi tawh angin insuihkhawn lehna thuthlung hi hman atangin buaipui a lo ni tawh thin, nimahsela vawiin thlengin a rah erawh hmuh tur a la awm lo. Kum 1947 khan Mizo Union hruaitute bawkin sorkarah hetiang hian Zofate min thendarh lo tura dil pah fawmin Zofate chenna rlang hrang hrang te chu an lo hrilh hre daih tawh a ni.

"The Mizo population
(a) The Mizo people in Lushai Hills alone number 1,46,900 with an area of 8,143 sq miles according to the census 1941.

(b) The people of Manipur state contiguous to the Lushai Hills again comes to about 70,000 with an area of about 3500 sq miles.

(c) The Mizos in the Cachar District contiguous to the Lushai Hills niumber about 9,000 with an area of about 300 sq miles.

(d) In Tripura contiguous to the Lushai Hills the Mizos againnumber approximately 7,000 with an area of 250 sq miles.

(e) In Chittagong Hills Tract, contiguous to the Lushai Hills, the Mizo population is generally approximately to be 15,000 with an area of about 3000 sq miles.

(f) In the Chin Hills (Burma) also contiguous to the Lushai Hills, who are now commonly known and termed as the Chins, number not less than 90,000 with an area of about 3800 sq miles occupied by them.

The total Mizo population of the contiguous area alone thus come roughly 3,38,400 and area about 18,993 sq miles. An sawi zelnaah phei chuan Mizo hnam hat, hnamze khat, tawng thuhmun, sakhaw thuhmun bia te hnam hrang anga hming hran min vuah leh hmun hran hrana mintjhendarh mai hi vanduaithlak an tih thu an sawi a. Mizote chu an thil dil Territorial Unity and Solidarity chu tihhlawhtlin sak ngeiturin an dil bawk a ni.

Hetiang hian kan ram hruaitu hmasaten theihtawp chhuahin Zofate kan inthen lohna turin hma lo la mah sela a hlawhtl;inna chu hnamdang, Zofate inthendarh pawi ti lo kuta a awm avangin Zofate chu Israel fate ang maia tihdarhin kan lo awm ta a, Mizo hnam atangin kan bo tial tial a, a then phei chuan Mizo kan ni tih pawh kan inhre ta lo. Mizo nih inhria te lah Mizo-a tui lo tawk, Israel hnama lo inchhui lut tawkte kan awm leh zel bawk nen. L Keivom chuan Mizo-Israel intih hi Pathian hming chhala lem kan channa hrinchhuah niin a sawi. Rev Chuauthuama pawhin Israel fate Messia meuh pawh haia lo hnawl tawh, Assuria leh Babylon leh a chhehvela an bonaaia nasa zawka vawiin ni thlenga la bo zel te. keini Kristian ni tawh ten kan awt a, kan phe kan phe mai hi pawi a tihzia sawiin, "Chutiang khawpa bona awt, Kristian nih tawh hnua kan phe kan phe mai hian hlawkna a nei lo va. Bo ve mai loh chu hmabak a awm vak loh avangin chutianga bo tur te ven chu zawlnei anga ka hnaah ngaiin kei chuan ka auchhuahpui lo thei lo a ni," a ti hial a. Rev Chuauthuama hi insuihkhawmlehna thuthlung buaipui ni ve chiah lo mah se Zofate Mizona duhtawk lo Mizo-Israel inti te ven chu zawlnei hnaah a ngai a, a ropui hle a ni. Hnama bo tur ven chu insuihkhawm lehna thuthlung buaipui aiin a nep chuang lo.

Mimal ang pawn insuihkhawm lehna thuthlung hi buaipuitu thahnem tak an awm. Chung zingah chuan Capt LZ Sailo leh L Keivom te hi kan hre lar ber awm e. Capt LZ Sailo chuan Zofate insuihkhawm leh tura a duhzia hlaa siamin:

"Unaute u, in dam tlang alawm maw?
Rinawmna chibai in dawng thei em?
Chhinlung chhung khat Zoram chhehvela mite
Insuihkhawm leh zai i rel ang u," a lo ti a. Chutiang bawkin L Keivom pawhin:
"Huangtin kalsiam thlir tlang turin
Zoram khawvel i fang dun ang
Insuihkhawm hun tur thlir rengin

Duhthu tinkim i sam dun ang," a lo ti ve bawk a. L Keivom hi thu thiam a ni a, a lehkhabu Zoram Khawvel -ah hian insuihkhawm leh hun mimal anga buaipuitu hmasa berte zinga mi a ni nghe nghe. Hnam kalsiam ziaktu Biakchhunga chuan heti hian a ti a, "A buaipuina rahte pawh a ni mai thei e, sorkar dang awpna hnuaia Zofate zinga mi thenkhat chuan Aizawlah lo kalin PC hruaitute nen an titiho thin a, hetiang thil an buaipui hi thu bulbal nei lo buaipui an ni lo a, British-hoin Zo hnahthlak hnam chu hmun tam taka min thendarhin min kalsan dawn khan min dahkhawm leh lova min tinsan avangin insuihkhawm leh zai rel hi kan hnam tan a tul tak meuh a ni tih hriaa bei an ni," tiin

Kum 1988 March ni 5 khan Manipur-ah Zomi National Congress (ZNC) T Gougin hruai leh Peoples Conference (PC) Brig T Sailo hruaite chuan Zo hnahthlak insuihkhawm duhna hi zau zawka ngaihtuah ho turin inkhawmpui lian an rawt a. Zo hnahthlak huapa khawmpui neih hmasa ber (First World Zomi Convention on Reunification) chu Chawnchhim, Champhaiah May 19-21, 1988 han hman a ni a. Hmun hrang hrang atanga lo kalte leh mimal khawmpui chhimtu sang tam tak an kalkhawm a. Mahni awmna leilung leh tui tlem ve ve an rawn keng theuh a. Unau thlah khat inthenhrang thei kan ni lo tih entir nan an ram tui leh lei rawn kente theuh chu urhsun takin an chawhpawlh ta a ni. Hemi an inkhawmpuiah hian hengte hi an sawi a ni:

1. Chhinlung chhuak hnam khat, thlah khat kohna hnam hmingah (nomenclature) Zo kan hmang ang a;

2. Kan hnam dam lohna ber chu thendarh leh awp hrana kan awm hi a ni a,

3. Zo hnahthlak insuihkhawm duhtu pawl leh mimal huapzo tur huang zau (political forum) lo din tan te hi a ni.

Mi thenkhat chuan ZORO thil tihte kha nuihzatin, thil atthlak leh awmze nei loah an ngai a ni mai thei. Mahsela, hnam darh insuihkhawm lehna tura hmalak hi thil zahthlak a ni lo a, thil nuih zatthlak a ni hek lo. Hetiang mi, hnam insuihkhawm lehna tura hmalakna nuihzatthlak leh thil zahthlaka latute hi "Mi khawngaihthlak leh hmuhsitawm" an ni.

Eng nge kan sawi tak ang le? Insuihkhawm lehna thuthlung kan tharthawh leha, insuihkhawm lehna kawng kan zawh dawn chuan thil tam tak kan kovah a innghat a ni. Zofa mi tin te’n mawhphurhna kan nei theuh a, chu mawhphurna chu kan hlen loh chuan insuihkhawm leh ni hmel kan hmu lo ang. A pawimawh ber chu hnam bing intihhranna te, infekfawnna te, chapona te hi Zofate zingah a awm tur a ni lo. Hemi hi kan zing ata a bo phawt loh chuan kawng dangin eng ang pawhin insuihkhawm lehna turin hma la mah ila insuihkhawm leh ni hmel kan hmu lo ang.

Tin, Shillong Zofate hian mawhphurhna rit tak kan phur bawk a ni. Shillong khawpuiah hian Zo hnahthlak tam tak kan fuankhawm a, zirlai te, zirlai lo te pawh thahnem tak kan awm a, insuihkhawm lehna tur hmun thlan nahawm ber te zingah Shillong hi a tel a ni. Tin, a bikin zirlaiten thil tam tak tih tur kan nei, Mizoram atanga zirlai Zofate, Manipur atanga zirlai Zofate, Tripura atanga zirlai Zofate leh hmun dang dang atanga zirlai Zofa Shillonga lo kalkhawmte hi kan inpumkhat thiam a ngai hle a ni. Zofa zirlai pawl hrang hrang te thawkho thiam ila, a tha lama tang tlangin a chhe lamah thil diklo siamtha turin thawkho ila, hnam dangte mithmuhah tang tlang ang u. Inpumkhat thiam ila, mahse, hemiah hian a dik adawk thlu lova inpawng tan hlur tihna a ni kher lo. A tha lam kawng zawh hovin thil tha lo chu kan do tlang tur a ni. Zofa zawng zirlai lehkhathiamten inpumnkhatna kaqwng kan zawha kan inzawmkhawmna hrui a fei that phawt chuan khawvel hmun dang Zofate chu sawi ngai hauh lovin a rang a rangin an insuihkhawm pawp pawp tawh mai dawn a ni. Chuti a nih loha kan intihbingna leh kan hnam hrang hrang te te kan chapopuina te hi kan dahbo duh tlat loh chuan kan sawi chamchi leh kan nghahhlelh em em Zofate insuihkhawm lehna hi Duhthusam thamral a chang palh ang e.

(Machhana, Lalchhantluanga hi Ruafela Nu fapa a ni a, July ni 2-ah lirthei chesualah a thi a ni. A thih hnuah a chhungte'n thu leh hla lama a kutchhuak an haichhuak nual a, i chhiar tur hi chung zinga mi chu a ni. 'Machhana Diary' tih chu Zozam Weekly-ah tihchhuah a ni tawh.)

Thulakna: Zozam Weekly News

 

 

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