Kawlphai Mizote Zinkawng

16/10/2010 03:01

 

- F.Lalbiakmawia

Thuhma
Myanmar historian hmingthang Prof. Than Tun chu, “Engvangin nge history hi kan zir a?” tiin an  zawt a. Ani chuan, “Kan mawl loh nan,” tiin tawitein a chhang a. A dik hle a, history hi mawl loh nan, finna chhar nan an zir thin a ni. Chuvangin Kawlphai Mizote chanchin hi a kip a kawi ni lovin a tlangpui chauh tal tarlan tum a ni.

Myanmar-ah sorkar mite pawhin Mizo tih leh Lusei tih a thuhmun dan hre tho mah se, official-a ziahna-ah ‘Lusei” tih a  nih  avangin Mizo tih aiah Lusei tia hman a tulna a awm. Chuvangin “Kawlphai Lusei chanchin” kan chhui dawn a ni ber. Luseite chanchinah Myanmar leh India-a an history tlangpui  kan thlir ang a. An lo chhuahna bulbal leh an zinkawng kan chhui thuak thuak ang a, a theih ang angin a kum indawta tarlan kan tum a. He thu buatsaih nan Pu B. Lalthangliana ziah ‘INDIA, BURMA & BANGLADESH-A MIZO CHANCHIN’ bu rinchhan ber a ni. Research puitling takin a rah chhuah history lehkhabu changtlung leh rinchhan tlak tak kan nei hi Mizote kan nihlawh hle.

A bul -  Kabaw Valley
Kachin leh Chin/Luseite tobul nia mithiamten an rin chu Kung-han Ch’iang hnam a ni awm e. He hnam hi Tibeto-Burman hnam pakhat a ni. Chin/Lusei thlahtute hi kum zabi 4-na (A.D.)-ah Hukawng valley-ah an cheng tawh a, kum zabi 8-na leh 9-na (A.D.) inkar hian Upper Myanmar-a thil tithei tak leh chak tak an ni tawh. Kum zabi 7 (600 A.D.)velah chuan Myanmar ram, a bik takin Chindwin phaizawl an thleng a, hei hi Monywa-Alon atanga khawthlang lam Min-gin khua nena inkar phaizawl hi a ni mai thei.

Chindwin valley-a an chen lai hian Kawlho lo lut hnuhnung nen an indo thu record khawiah mah hmuh tur a awm lo va. Phaizawl pana Kawlho an lo tlak thlak hian Chin/Lusei thlahtute chenna chin chu an khawih ngai hauh lo a ni. Kum 200 lai hnu AD. 800-850 velah helai hmun atang hian Man (or Nan-chao)ho vangin Chin/Lusei thlahtute chu khawthlang lam hret, Kabaw valley-ah an insawn ta nia rin a ni. A then erawh chu Chindwin Lui dung zawhin an kal thla zel a, phai lamah an khawsa ta a ni.

‘Kabaw valley-ah Mizo thlahtute hi an lo cheng a, Luseite chu Khampat velah hian an khawsa,’ tia upaten ti tia an lo sawi hi hnam dang history atangin emaw, record rintlak emaw hmu thei chiah lo mah ila a dik a rinawm a ni.

Kabaw valley -  Chin Hills
Kawlho chu A.D. 832-5 velah Myanmar ram laili Kyaukse velah an cheng tan a. Heta tang hian khawthlang lam mel 100 vela hla, Irrawady leh Chindwin lui infinna thlang lawkah Pagan khawpui an din a, hei hi A.D. 850 vel nia pawm a ni.

Kum 200 lai a liam hnuah Pagan Dynasty hian Mongol hmelma a hmachhawn a, a tawpah a thluchhe leh ta nghe nghe a. Pagan lalram a chauh tak avang leh Mongolho vangin China ram chhim lama awm Shanho rawn tawlh lut mekte chu chhim lam pan lovin Myanmar ram khawthlang lam an hrut thla a, Kabaw valley-a ngelnghet taka inbengbel tawh Chin/Luseite chu Chindwin lui khawthlang lam tlangramah an nawr chhuak ta vek niin a lang. Kalaymyo pawh hi Shanho din a ni a, Shanho hian Manipur lamah Assam thlengin an la ta nghe nghe a ni.

Kabaw valley-ah kum 500 emaw lai an chen hnuin chutia an aia chak zawk leh tam zawk Shanho an lo luh tak avang chuan Chin/Lusei thlahtute chu tawlh chhuakin an tai darh ta chum chum a, mahni theih ang anga chhuak an nih hmel. An chhuah tan hun hi a hriat theih chiah loh na a, kum A.D. 1200 velah chuan Kabaw valley an chhuahsan fel tawhin a rinawm. Chin Hills-ah an lawn chho hlawm a, Mizo/Luseite chu Than Tlang leh Run inkarah, chuta tangin Run leh Tiau inkarah te an tla thla ta zel ni awm a ni.

Tichuan Kabaw valley leh Tiau inkar, tun hnua Chin State lo ni  ta-ah an cheng hrang  nuaih ta a. Heng Chin/Lusei hnahthlakte hi mahni khuaa awm hrangin inkalpawh meuh lovin an khawsa a, a tirah indo leh inrun an ching lem lo. Amaherawhchu intlawh tawn lova kum tam fe an awm hnu chuan unau leh thlahkhat an nih dan pawh inhre tawn lovin a do te an indo tawn a, chi khat leh chi khat pawh an inrun a, rawlralin an inbei  ta thin a ni. Chutianga khawsa zel an nih avangin thlahtu hming emaw chawiin chi leh chi peng thar a lo piang ta teuh a, tawngte hrang hret hretin a lo awm zel ta bawk a. Chutiang chuan kum 500 dawn lai hun aliam a ni.

Thlangtlak
Chin Hills atang hian Lusei thlahtute chu tuna Mizoramah te, Bangladesh-ah te, Tripura-ah te leh Manipur-ah te an tawlh thla leh ta zel a. Tiau kan hmasa leh hnuhnung an awm a, a hlawm lian zingah Lusei intite hian an kan hnuhnung ber niin a lang a. Luseiho hian A.D. 1700-ah chuan Tiau an kan fel tawh a ni. Heng ‘thlangtla’ zingah hian Hualngoho pawh an tel a, Mizorama awm hlen tate chuan ‘chhakchhuak’ an inti a. ‘Thlangtla’ kan tih hian mitthlaah tuna international Myanmar-India border ramri map mitthlaa lantira ramri kantir a awl viau a. Eng ramri mah an kan lova Tiau lui  an kan mai a ni tih hi chiang ila. Chutiang chuan hun a lo kal zel a, kum zahnih dawn lai a lo liam a. Hemi hun chhung hian history tam tak sawi tur a awmna a, kan kan mai ang a.

British Hun
British Lal ram a lo zau tial tial a, 1 February 1886 atang chuan Myanmar ram chu Britishho kut hnuaiah a awm ta a, India ram bung pakhat anga dah a lo ni ta a. Myanmar ram pumpui an lak hnu hian Chin State lo ni ta pawh hi la tel ve-ah Britishho chuan an inngai mai a. Mahse a lo ni hauh lo va.

Myanmarten lal (king) neia ropui taka an khawsak hun kum rei tak chhung khan Chin/Lusei hnahthlakte nen inkungkaihna engmah an nei ngai lo va. Chin/Luseite hian Myanmar-ho hnenah chhiah an pe lo va, inawpna leh inzawmna an neih hriat a ni lo. An indo thu pawh hriat a ni lo. Ram khata awmin lang mah se, mahni awmna hmun theuhah an khawsa hrang nalh a, ze hran nunphung hran neiin indiptawnna pawh awm chuang si lovin an awm ve ve ni berin a lang. Heta thil lo lang  kan sawi duh chu, ‘British-ho lo luh hma leh lo luh hnu thleng pawh hian Chin/Lusei hnahthlakte hi  an zalen hle a ni,’  tih hi a ni.

Chuvangin Chin/Luseite chenna ram bial chu British-ho tan  a hranpa ngata beih a lo la tul a. A tawpah Falam bial 1892-ah, Teddim bial 1894-ah, Halkha bial 1894-ah leh Mindat bial 1893-94-ah chauh British-ho chuan an awpna hnuaiah an dah lut thei ta a ni. Lushai Hills (Tuna Mizoram) lamah pawh 1895-96 velah Mizo lalte chu Britishho chuan an hmin thei ta chauh a ni. Tichuan India leh Myanmar chu British sorkar pakhat hnuaia ram bung pakhat a lo ni ta a.

Pem chho hmasa
Lusei hnahthlak thenkhat chu 1820 kum velah Myanmar-ah an lut chho leh a, Chin Hills hmar lamah an cheng ta a. Hei hi Zahuata ho an ni a, thlangtla zinga lut chho leh hmasa ber an ni awm e.

Chin Hills Regulation Act – Lusei
Heng hun lai hian Sapho chuan  Chin Hills awp nan Dan an siam a. Chu Dan chu 1896 khan zam fel a ni a,  ‘The Chin Hills Regulation Act, 1896’ vuah a ni. Chu Dan bung 1-na No. 2 (3)-ah chuan  hetiang hian ziah a ni a. (Lehlin): “Chin tih hian (a) Lushai  (b) Kuki  (c) Chin Hills-a khawsa kumkhua thin Kawl te  (d) Chin hnam culture leh tawng hmang Chin Hills-a chengte a huap a ni,”  tiin. (The Chin Hills Regulation Act, 1896., Rangoon, Government Printing.  1897, p.3) (Kawl tawngin: csif;trsdK;om;rsm;qdkonfhpum;&yfwGif (u) vl½dIif;trsdK;om;rsm; (c) uluDtrsdK;om;rsm; (*) csif;awmifwGif tNrJaexdkifaom ArmtrsdK;om;rsm; (C) csif;,Ofaus;rIESifh bmompum;udk cH,lí csif;awmifwGif aexdkifaomoltm;vHk; yg0ifonf/)

Pem chho ho hnihna
Tun hnua India chan lam tur Lushai Hills atang chuan a ho hnihnate chu 1914 khan Tiau chhak (Myanmar-ah) an pem chho leh a. A hnuah 1915-ah te, 1916-ah te, 1918-ah te, 1919-ah te leh 1922-ah te an  luh belh zel a. Kawlphaiah khua an din zel a, 1940 velah chuan Kawlphai-ah hian in 200 lai an awm tawh a ni.

Indopui II – Ral tlan
Indopui II-na a lo thleng a, Japan chuan Myanmar ram chu a lak tak avangin 1943 March thlaah Myohla leh Pinkhong tiam lovin khawdang zawng zawnga Kawlphai Luseite chu Tiau Thlang Lushai Hills-ah an ral tlan ta vek a. Chin Hills hmar lam Lushai Hills leh chhim lama awmte erawh chu an raltlan ve meuh lo. A chhan pakhat chu heng ramte hi tlawhpawh harna lam a ni a, indona-in a hrut ve lem loh vang a ni.

Lushai Brigade

Chung hunah chuan Lusei tlangvalte chu British Army-ah sipai an tang ta hlawm a. Aizawlah Lushai Brigade din a ni ta a ni. Lushai Brigade leh East African Brigade te chuan 1944 October 18-ah Falam chu Japanho kut atangin an la let leh thei a. 1944 October 22-ah Halkha leh 1945 January 10-ah  Gangaw te chu harsa takin Japan kut atangin an la leh thei ta a ni. Tichuan  Indopui boruak a lo daih leh tak hnu chuan 1945-ah Lushai Hills lama raltlante chu Myanmar-ah an chho leh a, an chenna hmun ngaiah an inbengbel tha leh ta a ni. Hetih rual hian mi thar tam takin Myanmar an luh belh leh bawk a.

Ramri

British sorkar khan 1900-ah Chin Hills leh Lushai Hills te chu an tan awp leh enkawl a awlsam zual theih nan Tiau lui chu inrinaa hmangin ramri an kham a. Tiau chhak leh Tiau thlang inpawh tha thei lo tur leh a sawhphel zawnga awp beh luih an duh vang a ni bawk.

1935-6 kumah Myanmar leh India chu then hranga awp beh a nih theih nan Government of India 1935 Act Dan siam a ni  a. Chu dan hmang chuan Myanmar chu India atanga sah thlak a lo nih tak pawh khan ramri awmsa bawk chu an pawm a.

He ramri hi India-in 1947, Myanmar-in 1948-a independence an hmuh tak pawh khan ramri siam fel nan rin nghal a ni ta leh zel a. Tichuan India ram chan lama cheng Luseite  chu India ram khua-leh-tui an ni ta a, Myanmar lama cheng Luseite pawh Myanmar khua-leh-tui.

Special Division of the Chins Act 1948 Myanmar chu British kut hnuai atanga independent a lo nih tak khan Parliament chuan ‘The Chin Hills Regulation Act. 1896’  chu  ‘Special Division of the Chins Act, 1948’ tiin a thlak danglam a. Chu Dan thar No. 2(4)-ah chuan hetiang hian ziah a ni leh a. “Chin hnam tih hian (a) Lushai te  (b) Kuki te (c) Naga te, (d) Chin Hills-a in leh lo neia cheng Kawl te (e) A bial zawma cheng Chin hnam, te a huap a ni,” tiin. (Special Division of the Chins Act, 1948, Rangoon Government Printing 1948, p.1)

(Kawl tawngin: csif;trsdK;om;rsm;qdkonfh pum;&yfwGif (u) vl&dIif;trsdK;om;rsm; (c) uluDtrsdK;om;rsm; (*) em*trsdK;om;rsm; (C) csif;awmifrsm;ü tdk;tdrf twnfwus aexdkifaom jrefrmtrsdK;om;rsm; (i) qufpyfaeaome,fajrrsm;wGif aexdkifaom csif;trsdK;om;rsm; yg0ifonf/)

AFPFL Sorkar leh ‘L’ Committee (Lushai Committee) Indopui II-na hun leh a hnu  Myanmar-in Independence a hmuh hlim, ram chhunga hel an hluar em em laite khan Mizo/Lusei tlangval 500 vel Myanmar sipaiah an tang tawh a, an rinawm leh huaisen avangin hotute fak an hlawh hle a, chawimawina Military Cross (M.C.) te, Burma Galantry Medal (B.G.M.) te, Military Medal (M.M.) te, Burma Military Police Medal  te leh Tu-rah ( ol&) huaisen chawimawina hmu an awm nual a, India rama Mizo sipaite aiin chawimawina dawng an thahnem zawk a ni awm e.

Myanmar a Independent hnu hian AFPFL (zqyv) Sorkar chuan Luseite a ngaihsak hle a. 1949 kumah chuan 'L Committee (Lushai Committee)' a din a. Memberte chu: : OD;ausmfNidrf;  Ouú|  OD;atmifwif     twGif;a&;rSL; Adkvfcifarmifuav;  tzGJU0if  ocifcspfarmif   tzGJU0if AdkvfrSL;BuD;atmifBuD;  tzGJU0if  ocifvGif   tzGJU0if ocif0wif    tzGJU0if        OD;a&Tom                tzGJU0if OD;ausmfjrifhuav;  tzGJU0if    Pu Thanghleia   tzGJU0if
He Committee hian Lusei sipaiten Indiaa an chhungte tangka an thawn theih dan tur a ruahmanpui a, an nu leh pa Myanmar khua-leh-tui nih duha lo lutte a tanpui bawk. Sipai tang duhte tan kawng  hawnsak dan a zawng bawk a, lo pem tharte Kabaw valley-a awmhmun rem dan tur ruahmanna te neiin an ei in zawn dan turte a duansak nghal bawk a ni.

Heng bakah he Committee hian Kabaw valley (Kawlphai)a Luseite tihhmasawn leh tihchangkan dan turte a ngaihtuah sak a. 1953-ah chuan sorkar chuan tangka nuai kua (900,000) a sanction a. A tum khatna atan cheng nuai khat chu an hmang hman a. (Chung hun lai chuan Willy Jeep thar man Ks. 3500 vel a ni) Chu chu Khampat velah in leh lo din nan te, lei lehna tur hmanrua tractor,  lawi leh bawng lei nan te, thlai chi lei nan te an hmang a. Kum thum lai chutiang chuan an thawkho a ni awm a. Serthlum huan leh lakhuihthei hmun te leh fu hmun te an hlawhtling thawkhata sawi theih a ni na a, a pumpui thuah chuan a hlawhtling chiah lo a ni.

Chutiang zel chuan sorkar chuan 1951 atangin stipend te ngaihtuahsakin Yangon-ah sikul naupang sawm a kaitir a. 1955-ah pawh hmeichhia 10 tan stipend a ngaihtuahsak leh bawk. 1963 thleng he stipend hi a nung a ni awm e.

War Office Council Order & Lusei te Hetia Myanmar sorkarin Luseite chu a lo ngaihsak that em avang hian India Mizoram atangin Luseite chu Myanmar-ah an pem lut ta sup sup mai a. 1950-55 chhung hian pem lut an nasa hle a. Kawlphai (Kabaw valley)-ah an lut  ber a, khaw thar  an din a, ram ngaw tudarhin leilet an siam zel a. A then sipaiah an lut  zel bawk a, an tam lai ber 1960 kum vel khan Mizo Lusei tlangval 3,000 vel sipaia tang mek an awm a ni.

Myanmar ram a zalen hlima Burma Defence Army chu tuai thar leh a nih tum khan ram dang khua-leh-tui  nihna nei reng reng chu bantir vek tur an ni a. Chutah tak chuan ram chhung hnam dangte nen thih ngam lu pua Independence sual chhuah leh humhim hna nasa taka  lo thawk ve Lusei sipai tam takte dinhmun chu tihfel a ngai ta a. An pianna ram chu ramri siam fel tum khan India chan Lushai Hills a ni daih si a.  huvangin Lusei sipaite Burma ram khua-leh-tui an nih dan thu-ah Constitution , Citizenship Dan leh Special Division of the Chins Act, 1948 te tlawhchhanin, “Luseite chu Myanmar khua-leh-tui dik tak an ni e,” tiin Yangon War Office Council chuan thupek (order) a chhuah ta a ni.

WAR OFFICE COUNCIL ORDER No. 40/50 Of  Dated 2nd May 1950
Adjutant  General’s  Department No. 50   THE   STATUS  OF  LUSHAIS


1.      Every member of the Lushai race wherever born or domiciled must be considered to be a citizen of Burma and will remain a citizen until and unless he has by an affirmative act, subsequent to 4th January 1948, made a declaration of alienage under section 14 of the Citizenship Act or acquired any other nationality.

2.      Under section 11 (i) of the Constitution, every person both of whose parents belonged to any of the indigenous  races of Burma as a citizen of the Union.

3.      “Indigenous race” is defined, for the purpose of section 11 of the Constitution, by section 3 of the Citizenship Act as including  “Chin race” and “Chin race is defined by section 2 (4) of the Special Division of the Chin Act as including “Lushais.”

4.      Therefore, all members of the Lushai race even born and domiciled outside Burma are Burma Citizens. (No. 5743 /1/a-2)     (Lalthangliana, B. : History of Mizo in Burma, Calcutta, PRINT-O-IMPEX, 1977, p.92 )

Mizo tawngin han let ila:
1.      Lusei mi reng reng chu khawi hmuna pianga, chenna hmun nghet nei  pawh ni se,  Citizenship Act section 14-in a sawi anga Dan nemngheh pakhat khat hmangin 1948 January ni 4 hnu lamah ram dang mi-a inchhala a inpuan thleng emaw, a inpuan hma loh chuan emaw Burma ram mi-a ngaih tur a ni.

2.      Constitution Dan Section 11 (i)-ah  chuan mi tupawh  a nu leh a  pate pahnih Burma ram leilunga piang hnam an nih phawt chuan he(Union) ram mi a ni.

3.      ‘Ram leilunga piang hnam’ tih Constitution Dan section 11 leh Citizenship dan section 3-in a sawi fiahna-ah chuan ‘Chin hnam’ te hi  an tel a, Special Division of the Chin Act-ah chuan ‘Chin hnam’sawifiahna-ah Lushai te a telh a ni.

4.      Chuvangin Lusei hnam zawng zawng chu Burma ram pawna piang leh chenna hmun nghet nei tawh pawh ni se Burma khua-leh-tui an ni.
He thupek hi chik taka kan en chuan Myanmar khua-leh-tui Luseite zingah hian a ram leilunga piang leh a ram pawna piang tiin chi hnih an awm tih a lang. Khua-leh-tui dik tak an nihzia Dan chi thum hmangin a tarlang a ni. Hetih hun lai 1954 kumah Lushai Hills chu Mizo District tia thlak a lo ni a, “Lusei” tih aiah “Mizo” tih hmanlar zual a lo ni ta a.

Chins Act Siam Tha

Hun a lo kal zel a, 1957-ah Special Division of the Chins Act, 1948 No. 2 (4) chu siam danglam hret a lo ni ta a. A tira kawh bik nei fel chat ‘Chin hnam tih hian (a) Lushai te (b) Kuki te (c) Naga te…..’ tih duah kha ‘Chin hnam tihah hian Chin Special Division-a in leh lo nghet neia cheng Myanmar khua leh tuite an tel’ ti maia thlak a ni ta a. ‘A bial zawma cheng Chin hnamte a huap a ni,’ tihte pawh a tel ta lo a ni.

Han ngaih mai chuan Chin Special Division tana siam ‘dan’ a ni a, Chin Special Division chhunga cheng Chin hnam hrilhfiahna a ni mai hmel a. Special Division pawna cheng Chin tam tak awmte tan nghawng engmah nei lo mah se, Kalay Tamu biala khawsa Lusei /Mizo te tan harsatna a lo thleng ta tlat. Lusei/Mizo te c hu Chin hnam zinga tel ve lo, ram dang mi anga ngaihna mi thenkhat zingah a lo awm phah ta hial a ni. A nihna takah chuan Caretaker Government (tdrfapmifhtpdk;&) sorkar hun chhung (1958)-a National Registration Card siam tum pawh khan Lusei/Mizote pawh siamsak ve vek an ni tho.

Lushai Welfare Organization (LWO) Chutiang chu a lo nih tak avangin Luseite chungchanga sorkar te dawra an harsatna te thlen turin political party ni lo pawl din tula hriatna a lo awm a. 1961 kum atanga inbuatsaih tanin 1962 May 18-19-ah Tahanah ram pum huapa inkohkhawm a ni a, L.W.O. (Lushai Welfare Organization) din a lo ni ta a ni. Executive Committee member te chu:

President            :           Thanghleia      Khampat
Vice-President  :            Thanruma       Tahan
General  Secretary      :       Rohnuna                    Tahan
Assistant Secretary     :       B. Lalthangliana        Tahan
Treasurer     :       Pakunga         Tahan
Auditor         :       Lalsanga        Tahan

He L.W.O. pawl hian 1962 August ni 20-ah Revolutionary Council Sorkar hnenah an harsatnate an thlen ta a.  An thu theh luhah chuan Lusei/Mizote chen tamna ber Kabaw valley chu Upper Chindwin District awpna hnuaia dah tawh lovin a bial hmasawnna a kalchakpui theih nan Frontier Area Administration hnuai (e,fpyfa'otkyfcsKyfa&; ) hnuaia dah tawh tha an tih thu a tel bawk a ni.

Revolutionary Council Sorkar chuan Myanmar ram zalenna sual chhuak tur leh a ram a independent hlima tualchhung buaina chingfel tura thi leh thau pawlha lo tang tawh thin Lusei/Mizote chanchin, an rinawmzia leh ram tana thahnem an ngaihzia te chu an lo hriat chian tawh em bawk avangin an harsatna sukiang turin hma an la ta thuai a.

North West Command-a Security and Administrative Committee meeting-in 19 September 1962-ah chuan, “India ram atanga rawn pem lut Luseite hi Revolutionary Council Sorkar thuhnuaia kuna Myanmar ram mi nih an duh tak tak chuan Myanmar ram chhunga an awm phalsak ila. Kabaw phaikuamah hian ram awl a la tam a, leileta ei zawn nan hmun remchang a  nih dawn bawk avangin Kabaw phaikuamah hian chentir ila. Lo neia ei zawn dante ruahmansak ni se,” tiin an rel a. (District security and Administrative Committee, Upper Chindwin District Letter No. 3926/3927/Lushai, Dated 30 November 1962 minute.)

North West Command, Commander leh Chin Affairs Council member ni bawk Colonel Lun Tin leh Sagaing Division Security and Administrative Committee Chairman Col. Van Kulh te chu Kalemyo bial   Tahanah an kal a, Upper Chindwin leh Chin Division-a hotute nen 23 March 1963-ah an inhmu khawm a. Chumi nia tlang hriata an puan tak chu; “Luseite hi Myanmar khua leh tuia pawm an ni a, ‘Myanmar National Lushai’( jrefrmwdkif;&if;om;vl½Idif;) tia koh tur” tih a ni. He thu-ah hian ni 23 March 1963 hmaa Myanmar rama lo cheng tawh Lusei zawng zawng a huap thu fiah taka tarlan a ni a. India leh Pakistan atanga  23 March 1963 hnua lo lut Lusei reng reng chu he hamthatna hian a huam tel lohzia pawh chiang takin thuchhuahah chuan sawi lan a ni.

Helai thu hi han sawi nawn lawk ila. ‘Luseite hi 23 March 1963 chauha Myanmar khua-leh-tuia pawm’ ni anga ngaih tur a ni lo. Pian leh murna atang leh Constitution Dan leh hrai lam atanga thlir pawhin a ram mi dik tak ( wdkif;&if;om;) ni sa an awm a. Caretaker Government ( tdrfapmifhtpdk;&) hun lai 1958-a ram pum huapa National Registration Card siam tumah pawh Luseite hi NRC siamsak an ni tawh tho. Ram mi ni sa an awm teuh. Amaherawh chu 1959 Mizoram Mautam thumna a lo ni chho bawk nen Myanmar-a pem lut an tam em em a. Chuvangin tlai khaw hnua lo lut zelte chungchang ngaihtuahin mi tam tak chu ‘ram mi-a pawm’ tia sawi theih an awm ta bawk a ni. International boundary zalen taka duh duha kana pem kual fo chu sorkarin rem a ti tawh lova, 23 March 1963 hnu lamah chuan kawng a khar ta a ni ber mai.

Ma Ma Operation
Chutiang chuan India, Mizoram atanga pem lut an awm reng avangin 23 March 1963 hmaa lo awm sa Luseite zawng chu  chhinchhiah a lo tul ta a, ‘Ma Ma Operation’-in Sorkar chuan beihpui  a thlak ta a ni. Yangon-a National Registration Head Office atanga chhuah 6 April 1963-a thupekah chuan, “Ma Ma Operation chu 2 April 1963-a tan tur a nih thu, thlalak card-a ‘Myanmar National Lushai’ tih rubber stamp-a chhutsak a nih tur thu, Myanmar khua-leh-tuia inziak lut tawha registration card tibo Luseite chu a hrana register that leh tur a nih tur thu, in-register tawh, tuna kum 12 tling chauhte chu thlalak thara card a thar pek chhuah tur a nih thu,’ te a tel a. Heng bakah, ‘23 March 1963 hnua India leh Pakistan atanga lo lutte chu he hamthatna hi pek miah loh tur’ tih pawh chiang takin a tel a ni.

Ma Ma Operation Mizo/Luseite chhinchhiahna beihpui hi Falam bialah ho hnih,  Halkha bialah ho khat, Teddim  bialah ho khat, Kalay bialah ho khat ten an bei ta a.  Yangon Immigration Office pui atanga ni 6 April 1963 ni thuchhuakah pawh, “Myanmar ram mi an nih chungchang Ma Ma Operationin a chin fel tawh thu tun hnua endiktu Immigration Officerten an hriat theih nan ‘jrefrmwdkif;&if;om;vl½Idif;’ tih hi a ram thlalak hmun awl (b)-na-ah chhut tel tur a ni,” a ti a.(Revolutionary Council of Union of Burma, Department of National Registration Chief Office, Rangoon , Letter No. 146/67(a)63 (a), Dated 6 April 1963).

Tichuan Mizo/Luseite NRC-ah chuan‘jrefrmwdkif;&if;om;vl½IdKif; tih chhu-a chhinchhiah vek a lo ni ta a ni. Chung hun laia Lushai Hills, tun hnua Hualngo tlangdung an tih takah te leh Pathian tlang lamah te pawh chhutsak vek a ni.


Helaiah hian ‘wdkif;&if;om;’ tih hi han tuihnih lawk ila. Sorkar hian Luseite hi a khua-leh-tui-ah a nemnghet a ni mai lova, ‘wdkif;&if;om;’ an nihzia a hriat avangin  a tilang a ni. Khua-leh-tui nihna hi chhawng thum angin an sawi thin.   (EdkifiHom; -EdkifiHom;jyK - {nfhEdkifiHom;) (ram mi - ram mi-a pawm - mi khual ram mi) tiin. A ram leilunga piang dik tak (native) ‘taing-yin-taa’ (wdkif;&if;om;) zawng zawng chu a ram khua-leh-tui dik tak (tunlai tawng chuan original) an ni. Mizo/Luseite hi (wdkif;&if;om;)-a chhiar an nih avangin pawm chawp ram mi leh mikhual ram mi mai mai an ni lo tih hi i hre mawlh teh ang u. Pawm chawp leh mikhual ram mi ni tur hian mimala dilna theh luh a ngai.

Chutiang chuan Ma Ma Operation hmanga Myanmar Lusei/Mizo te chhinchhiah chhiarpui beihpui chu hlawhtling taka thawh fel a ni ta a. A lawmna 1963 June ni 1-ah Tahanah ropui taka hman a ni a. Mipui sing chuang pung khawm hmaa Revolutionary Council Sorkar aiawha thu sawitu Col. Lun Tin chuan, “Luseite Myanmar ram mi atana kan pawm chhan ber chu Army-ah Lusei sipaite an  rinawm em avang leh  Myanmar ram chhan nana an nunna chan huam khawpa an beih nasat vang a ni e,” a ti a.

Col. Lun Tin chuan tihian a sawi leh bawk a: “Luseite Myanmar khua-leh-tuia pawm tur thu fimkhur leh uluk taka kan ngaihtuah lai khan Revolutionary Council Chairman General Ne Win ngei pawhin, ‘ Myanmar ram tana huaisen taka inpe Lusei sipaite nu leh pate leh chhungte chu Myanmar Ram khua-leh-tui tha tak ni tura beisei ngam an ni,’ tiin a ngaihdan a sawi lang a. Chumi thlura ngaihtuahin Myanmar khua-leh-tui an nih theih dan kawng zawnsak hi tidik kan inti a. Unau rei tak thang bo lo kir leh kan lo lawm angin Myanmar National Luseite hi vawiinah hian ka lo lawm a che u,” tiin.  (‘Burma Luseite Hlawhtlin Lawmna Ropui Ber,’  Ramthar 11, ii 15 June 1963 pp. 1 and 4-ah tarlan a ni a, tuna mi erawh hi chu Sap tawng atanga lehlin a ni.)

Hemi tum hian Colonel Van Kulh leh Lieutenant Colonel Mya Thaung te pawhin khitiang zul  khian thu an sawi ve bawk.

1962  -  1988
Myanma Socialist Programme Party hunah te pawh Mizo/Lusei te zingah khua leh tui nih chungchanga harsatna nei tumah an awm hriat a ni lo. Mimal takin finfiah ngai boruak a awm a nih pawhin 23 March 1963 hma ngeia Myanmar rama pem lut an nih miau chuan a thu a fel leh nghal zel tih kan hmu. Ram pawna hnawh chhuah tawk hial a nih chuan ram mi nihna-ah amah mimalin chian lohna a neih vang a ni zel. Lusei a nih vang hrim hrima hnawhchhuah tawk an awm hriat a ni lo.

Sorkar hian Myanmar Luseite hi a ngaihthahin a theihnghilh ngai lo. 1973 Chhiarpui- dawn pawh khan Home and Religious Ministry chuan ‘Form  hman dan tur kaihruaihna bu’ a buatsaih a. Chuta Myanmar-a cheng ram mi dik hnam hrang hrang hming 144 a ziah chhuah pawh khan ‘Lusei’ te chu 58-na-ah a telh a ni. (Government of Burma, Ministry of Home and Religious: Form hman dan kaihhruaina bu, Rangoon, Dept. of Immigration and Man Power, 1973, p.43-5).

National Convention leh Lusei Kum  30 zet chhung hian ‘Lusei’ tih hi a ri ta mang reng reng lo va. A aiah ‘Mizo’ tih vek a ri ta zawk a. ‘Lusei’ tih hi an tlansan tawh mai ni lovin an theihnghilh ti tih tawh ni zawk mahin a lang. Tumah Lusei inti reng reng an awm tawh lova, Mizo an inti vek tawh a.

Sorkarin ram inawpna tur Constitution Dan a han zam tak tak dawn a, tul leh pawimawh, Dana chuang tel ngei ngei tur thu tinreng lo duang lawk turin National Convention chu 1993 kum atangin anmifwpfyif-ah a ko ta a. Chung palai kalte chuan Ram Constitution-a telh ngei ngei tur, ngaihtuah tel ngei tur thu hrang hrang, kaihhruaina ni bawk an han zam fel a. Chu chu a bu-in 2004-ah tih chhuah a lo ni ta a.

Chu Basic Principles 104  bu-ah chuan Myanmar ram chhunga Taing-yin-ta  (wdkif;&if;om;) 100 chuang zinga 1.1.2002-a mihring sing aia tam hnam zawng zawng a ziah chhuahah chuan 24-na-ah ‘Lushai’ (vl&dIif;) tiin a tarlang a.


Tlangkawmna
Kum za tam chhunga Lusei/Mizote zinkawng, an hun kal zel dan kan han thlir thuak a ni a. Sawi kim ngaihna a awm lo bawk a, tihian duh tawk phawt mai ila. Kan sawi tawh angin Lusei te chanchin bik chauh kan chhui thuak a ni.

Chin/Luseite hi thlahtu bul thuhmun an ni a, Chindwin valley-ah te an lo chengho tawh a, chuta tangin Kabaw valley-ah. Chumi hnuah Chin Hills-ah an chho leh hlawm a, an hrang ta nuaih a, Lusei/Mizo te chu Lushai Hills (tuna Mizoram)-ah thlang an tla ta a, chuta tang chuanMyanmar-ah an let chho leh a, tunah chuan Kalay-Kabaw phaizawlah hian Chin Hills atanga phaia chhuk thlate nen ‘Kawlphai-ah hian Chin hnahthlak zawng zawng an kim tawh a ni lawm ni,’ tih tur khawpin an chengho za ta a ni.


History atanga thlirin Chin/Mizo te hi thlahtu thuhnmun an ni. 1968-a Myanma Socialist Programme Party chhuah, 'wdkif;&if;om;,Ofaus;rI ½dk;&m"avhxHk;pHrsm; (csif;) tih bu-ah pawh khan ‘Chin’ hnam chi hrang hrang chanchin a sawi zel a, phek 38-na-ah ‘Kabaw-Tamu Biala Chin chi thum’ a ti a: (1) Myanmar Lushai (Lusei), (2) Anan  (3) Gangte tiin a dah a ni. History leh thisen atanga chhui chuan Lusei te hi Sorkar chuan Chin hnam zinga chi pakhatah a dah tih a lang a.

Amaherawhchu Immigration Dan (NRC–a a lan dan) atanga sawiin ‘Lusei’ tia register bik an awm leh si. Chuvangin ‘Lusei’ inti tawh lovin ‘Mizo’ inti vek tawh mah se, Chin tih leh Lusei tih sawi hran a la tul fo tho dawn a, sawi lan apiang hian, ‘thlahtu leh thisena an thuhmunna leh NRC-a an inan lohna lai hi hriat hran thiam a, sawi pawlh loh a pawimawh hle ang.  Sawi hran a tulna a awm leh thin. Sawi hran a nih apiangin mi hrang anga inen tumna a chhuak thei a, lungrualna boruak a pan phah thei thin.

Hei hi Sap hun laia an tana awp beh nuam tur zawng chauh ngaihtuah a, a leilung ramri an lo then hran  avanga  Zofate tuarna kawng khat a la ni zel a ni. Hei hi Zofaten an hriat fuh a, an zir chian a pawimawh hle ang a, kawng zawh tur fel tak an duan thiam hunah Kawlphaiah Mizo hnahthlakte lungrual takin an khawsaho thei dawn a ni.

LEHKHABU RAWNTE
1.      Lalthangliana,B:        History of Mizo in Burma, M.A. Thesis, Mandalay University, 1975.
2.      Lalthangliana,B:        India, Burma & Bangladesh-a Mizo Chanchin, RTM Press, Chhinga Veng, Aizawl, Mizoram.
3.  jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiH wdkif;&if;om;,Ofaus;rI ½dk;&m"avhxHk;pHrsm; (csif;)? jrefrmhqdk&S,fvpfvrf;pOf ygwD
pnf;½Hk;a&;A[dkaumfrDwD XmecsKyf? pmayAdrmef? azazmf0g&Dv? 1971/
4.      Ruby Jubilee Souvenir (1968-2009): Hualngo Literature and Culture Association, May 2010.
5.      Sipai Pensionte:        Burma khua-leh-tui Lusei-Chin Chungchang, Tahan-Kalaymyo, 1983.
6.      Vum Son, Dr.: Zo History, Aizawl, 1987

Thulakna: Zo Kawtchhuah

 

Comments

No comments found.
 

Contact

Search site

 

 

NGAIHDAN

THU KAM HNIH KHAT


ShoutMix chat widget

 

TLAWHTUTE


counter globe

 

MIZO LEH ENGLISH THUFIAHNA

Freelang Dictionary
MIZO => ENGLISH :
ENGLISH => MIZO :

Whole word

 

ZOTUI THIANG WEBSITE

http://zotuithiang.webnode.com

 

ZOTUI THIANG GROUP(MAIL)

Google Groups
Subscribe to Zotui Thiang Group
Email:

 

ENG WEBSITE ATANGIN NGE HETAH?

 

MizoMizo Kan Nih Kan Lawm E